The Parzival of Wolfram von Eschenbach.
-This is a metrical romance, written certainly not later than 1215, as Wolfram died about 1220, and wrote his William of Orange after the Parzival.
Wolfram claims to follow a French poem by a certain Kiot (i.e., Guiot). Crestien's poem is mentioned, but disparagingly:
The hero's father, Gahmuret, son of Gandin of Anjou, goes to the East, wins the dove of a heathen queen, Belakane, whom, after a while, he leaves to go back to his own country, and who in his absence bears a son, Feirefiz. Gahmuret meanwhile has married Herzeloyde; returning to the East he is slain in battle. [Here begins the portion of the poem which agrees with that of Crestien, the chief differences being as follows]: The more important position assigned to Parzival's cousin; the far greater prominence of the Grail, described as a stone yielding all manner of food and drink; its power sustained by a dove which every Good Friday lays a Host upon it; given after the fall of the rebel angels to Titurel and his dynasty; preserved by them in the Grail castle, Monsalvatch, and guarded by a sacred order of knights, the Templeisen, whom it chooses itself. These knights are vowed to virginity, their king alone being allowed marriage, and his incurable wound is due to his having taken up arms in the cause of worldly and unlawful love. The question Parzival should have put to him is, "What aileth thee, uncle?"
When he leaves the castle after the first visit he is mocked at by the
inmates for having omitted the question. More stress is laid upon the
broken sword, connected with which is a magic spell, to be mastered before
Parzival can become master of the. Grail castle. In the interview with
the hermit uncle Parzival is strongly urged to return to his wife Condwiramur
[Crestien's Blanahefleur]. Gauvain's adventures are far more closely connected
with the story of the chief hero than is the case in Orestien, though
this may be due to the latter's poem breaking off in their midst. In the
concluding portion of the work, to which nothing corresponds in Crestien,
Parzival fights, unknowing, against his half-brother, Feirefiz, the fight
being stopped by mutual recognition. The hideous damsel reappears, and
bids Parzival to the Grail castle, where he is rejoined by wife and two
sons; Feirefiz is baptized, weds the damsel who has care of the Grail,
returns to the East, and is the father of Prester John. Parzival rules
over the Grail kingdom, and his son, Loherangrain, is Knight of the Swan.
Quelle: The Legends of The Holy Grail, Alfred Nutt, London 1902, S. 11ff